top of page

As Above, So Below

Acrylic on canvas

24" x 30"

DUALITY (djuːˈælɪtɪ)

1. the state or quality of being two or in two parts; dichotomy

2. (General Physics) the principle that a wave-particle duality exists in microphysics in which wave theory and corpuscular theory are complementary. The propagation of electromagnetic radiation is analyzed using wave theory, but its interaction with matter is described in terms of photons. The condition of particles such as electrons, neutrons, and atoms is described in terms of de Broglie waves. This is the property of matter and electromagnetic radiation that is characterized by the fact that some properties can be explained best by wave theory and others by particle theory.

3. (Mathematics) the interchangeability of the roles of the point and the plane in statements and theorems in projective geometry

4. (Geometry) exchangeability and the quality of being capable of interchange.

5. (metaphysics/philosophy) the belief that there are two kinds of reality: physical material and immaterial spiritual. In philosophy of mind, dualism states mind and body are in some categorical way separate from each other and that the mental phenomena are in some respects non-physical in nature.


bottom of page